2. The whole earth is filled with his glory!” It is the glory of Love. Nowhere else in the Old Testament is there another threefold repetition of God"s holiness, but there is in the New ( Revelation 4:8). F. Westcott, Contemporary Pulpit, vol. He who has inspired human nature with true impulses of justice and generosity, of sympathy and love, with admiration for the heroic and noble, with scorn for the ignoble and the mean, cannot but be possessed of a kindred character Himself. 2. One cried unto another; singing in consort the praises of their Lord. The prophet's teaching must be the translation of his experience. He who has inspired human nature with true impulses of justice and generosity, of sympathy and love, with admiration for the heroic and noble, with scorn for the ignoble and the mean, cannot but be possessed of a kindred character Himself. Isaiah 6:2. [Note: Delitzsch, 1:192. 3 And one called to another and said: u "Holy, holy, holy is the Lord of hosts; v the whole earth is full of his glory!" He could at last see all creation in its true nature through the light of God. Historically we cannot separate it from the name of the Holy One of Israel, which with âthe Lord of hostsâ was afterwards so prominent in Isaiahâs teaching. The whole earth is full of his glory. ... Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary. iv., p. 110; J. Keble, Sermons from Ascension Day to Trinity Sunday, p. 364; J. H. Newman, Parochial and Plain Sermons, vol. Isaiah 6:1-3 “In the year of King Uzziah's death I saw the Lord sitting on a throne, lofty and exalted, with the train of His robe filling the temple.Seraphim stood above Him, each having six wings: with two he covered his face, and with two he covered his feet, and with two he flew. Holy, holy, holy, is Jehovah of hosts. The whole earth - Margin, 'The earth is the fulness of his glory.' vi., p. 362. The holiness of God appears from the positive, uniform, repeated testimony of the sacred writers. God subjects mankind to greater, more numerous and more surprising changes than He does any other of His intelligent creatures. Chapter 6. However, the corresponding scripture in Isaiah 6:3 only has holy three times, not eight times, so we feel proned to believe that in Revelation 4:8, the original also only had “holy” three times. Gram." Hebr. One cried ‹holy;‘ the second repeated it; then the third; and then they probably united in the grand chorus, ‹Full is all the earth of his glory.‘ This was an ancient mode of singing or recitative among the Hebrews; see Exodus 15:20-21, where Miriam is represented as going before in the dance with a timbrel, and the other females as following her, and “answering,” or responding to her, Psalm 136:1; compare Lowth, “on the Sacred Poetry of the Hebrews,” Lect. viii., p. 336, and vol. If God was to the Jews Immanuel, God with us, in Jesus Christ He has come yet closer to us. "trisagion," indicated that Yahweh"s holiness is superlative, the greatest possible, and complete. This Divine love, I repeat, as being the very nature of God, was felt by the prophets of Israel to be dwelling in them, immanent in their nation. If the glory of a prince consists in the multitude of His subjects, then the glory of God must be displayed by the vast numbers of rational and immortal beings which He brings into existence in this part of His dominions. He is said to sit upon the throne of His holiness, to dwell in the most holy place. Isaiah’s Vision of the Lord. 5. The Trinity is implied (on “Lord,” see on Isaiah 6:1). But Isaiah was a man living in the very midst of the history that was moving on towards this goal; and the cry of the seraphim, in the precise form in which it reached him, showed him to what it would eventually come on earth, whilst the heavenly shapes that were made visible to him helped him to understand the nature of that divine glory with which the earth was to be filled. Commentary for Isaiah 6 . By unity God realises Himself among men, or draws them into Himself, that He may live out His life of love in their relationships. 18, very elegantly calls Συμφωνον, αντιφωνον, αγγελων στασιν, is formed upon the practice of alternate singing, which prevailed in the Jewish Church from the time of Moses, whose ode at the Red Sea was thus performed, (see Exodus 15:20, Exodus 15:21;), to that of Ezra, under whom the priests and Levites sung alternately. “Cried unto another”: The seraphs were speaking to each other in antiphonal praise. Only let him trust what he has seen, and it will become to him a guiding star till he rests in the unveiled presence of Christ. Isaiah 6:3 "And one cried unto another, and said, Holy, holy, holy, [is] the LORD of hosts: the whole earth [is] full of his glory." They add, “The whole earth is full of His glory”; by which they intimate that, after surveying heaven and hell and the whole empire of God, they discover greater displays of His glory in this world than in any other. Sermon Bible Commentary. II. The hills on which His people meet to worship Him are said to be holy mountains. Isaiah's Vision of the Lord - They were calling out to each other, “Holy, holy, holy is the Lord of Heaven’s Armies! The favourite name of God in the mouth of the prophet viz., “the Holy One of Israel” ( kedosh Yisrael ), is the echo of this seraphic sanctus ; and the fact that this name already occurs with such marked preference on the part of the prophet in the addresses contained in Isaiah 1:2-4:5, supports the view that Isaiah is here describing his own first call. How much they reject, who reject the Gospel! In this sense it is that the whole earth is full of the glory of the Holy One. The Christian Church has always thought the doctrine of the Trinity to be implied in this threefold repetition of holy: as it is also intimated in several other passages of the Old Testament, particularly in that form commanded to be used in blessing the people, Numbers 6:24-26; and Isaiah 48:16, of this book;” where see the notes. These beautiful words from Isaiah 6:3 have inspired countless songs, poems, and sermons. Holiness, the first of these, denotes, fundamentally, a state of freedom from all imperfection, specially from all moral imperfection; a state, moreover, realised with such intensity as to imply not only the absence of evil, but antagonism to it. Assuming that that doctrine is true, it cannot be doubted, think, that the seraphs laid the foundation of their praise in that doctrine. B. F. Westcott, Christus Consummator, p. 163. A triple appellation of holiness, a "trisagion," indicated that Yahweh"s holiness is superlative, the greatest possible, and complete. Humbled and purified in his humiliation, he could have but one answer when the voice of the Lord required a messenger: "Here am I send me.". Such a believing view of the character of God will produce love to holiness and earnest desire to possess it. Holiness denotes, fundamentally, a state of freedom from all imperfection, specially from all moral imperfection; a state, moreover, realised with such intensity as to imply not only the absence of evil, but antagonism to it. v., p. 363; Clergyman's Magazine, vol. (9-13)1-8 In this figurative vision, the temple is thrown open to view, even to the most holy place. [Note: Oswalt, p180.] Though the angels of God have seen their fellow angels changed from holiness to sin in heaven, yet they have never seen any of their fellow creatures changed from sin to holiness anywhere but in this world; which is a distinction among equally guilty creatures that eminently displays the awful and glorious sovereignty of God. And one called out to another and said, "Holy, Holy, Holy, is the Lord of hosts, The whole earth is full of His glory. The angels of God behold Him here forming the moral characters of men for eternity. And, further, the psalmists and prophets never lost sight of the universal hope; they looked forward to the Gospel times, when the Lord of Israel should sustain the same relation to the whole world which He sustained to His chosen people in their time. Isaiah saw God as absolutely upright, correct, and true. The twain are one. 5. The ancients quoted this passage when they wished to prove that there are three persons in one essence of the Godhead. II. “The Lord his God is with him, and the shout of a king is among them.” Observe what this teaching or this consciousness implies. The objection that it is contrary to reason is weak, for nothing can be contrary to reason except what lies within its boundary. The whole earth - Margin, ‹The earth is the fulness of his glory.‘ All things which he has made on the earth express his glory. He beheld not the glory resting upon the symbolic ark, but the Lord sitting upon the throne, high and lifted up; not the carved figures of angels, but the seraphim standing with outstretched wings, ready for swift service; not the vapour of earthly incense, but the cloud of smoke which witnessed to the majesty which it hid. And here we are standing at the source from which it sprang. Thus, in Revelation 1:4; Revelation 3:1; Revelation 4:5, the phrase, 'the seven spirits of God,' occurs as applicable to the Holy Spirit, denoting his fullness, completeness, perfection. (1-8) The Lord declares the blindness to come upon the Jewish nation, and the destruction which would follow. II. This was for comfort to our prophet, that although his countrymen were cast off for their contumacy, yet he should not lose the fruit of his labours when once that "great mystery of godliness" was revealed; "God" - whom he had now seen upon the throne, and that purposely for his confirmation - "manifested in the flesh, justified in the spirit, seen of angels, preached unto the Gentiles, believed on in the world, received up into glory." (Essex Congregational Remembrancer. (Re 4:8). The Hebrews usually expressed the superlative degree by the repetition of a word. It is visible, 2. Holy, holy, holy. When God laid the foundation of the earth, they sang together and shouted for joy. The present life, amid other purposes, serves that of a state of trial; it is impossible, therefore, that in it a complete exhibition of His holiness can be made. As exhibited in the punishment of rebellious angels and lost spirits in hell. When, then, we treat of the Christian doctrine of the Church, or social union of men in God, we are guided by the experience of the older dispensation, which in this, as in all things, finds its completion in our Lord. The unity and Trinity are insinuated. 1 In the year that king Uzziah died I saw also the Lord sitting upon a throne, high and lifted up, and his train filled the temple. Figure of speech Epizeuxis for intense and solemn emphasis. It makes him feel dirty beyond anything but simple expression, helplessly weak and feeling that he is doomed. The vision of God is the call of the prophet. I. But all mankind, from their birth to their death, are perpetually subject to great, sudden and unexpected changes. It was because He was infinitely displeased with sin that the Lord was pleased to bruise His Son and put Him to grief. This is one of the most famous chapters in the whole prophecy, but there is this mystery about it, namely, that nobody knows for sure just where it belongs chronologically. And now … - This is an appeal which God makes to the Jews themselves, in regard to the justice and propriety of what he was about to do. The whole earth, with all its mountains, seas, streams, trees, animals, and people, lay the foundation of his praise. Viewed from the standpoint of a later revelation, devout thinkers have naturally seen in it an allusive reference to the glory of Jehovah as seen alike in the past, the present, and the future, which seems the leading idea in Revelation 4:8, or even a faint foreshadowing of the Trinity of Persons in the Unity of the Godhead. He is not like us, only bigger and nicer. We refer to the original state of all rational and immortal beings. The angels of God see Him, in this world, continually calling off mankind from the stage of life and from the state of probation into their eternal states. 3. The form was used, therefore, among the Jews, to denote "emphasis;" and the expression means in itself no more than 'thrice holy;' that is, supremely holy. This is a great deep where faith must receive mysteries on the authority of God, and reason be satisfied with the fact that He has revealed it. And one cried to another.] In like manner, the number “seven” is used by the Hebrews to denote a great, indefinite number; then a full or complete number; and then perfectness, completion. This is a verse by verse, phrase by phrase, occasionally even word by word 178 page commentary from a literal, pre-millennial perspective. It is more than the particular attribute of power or wisdom; it is the entire fulness of the Godhead, visible to the eye of faith, if not to the eye of sense, in the concrete works of nature, arresting the spectator and claiming from him the tribute of praise and homage. Full of his glory; of the effects and demonstrations of his glorious holiness, as well as of his power, and wisdom, and goodness. Isaiah: New *Heavens and a New Earth. Isaiah 6:3. It occurs twenty-nine times (including Isaiah 10:17; Isaiah 43:15; Isaiah 49:7), viz., twelve times in chapters 1-39, and seventeen times in chapters 40-66. IV. [Revelation 4:8] The ancient Rabbis, as R, Simeon Ben Joai, proved the trinity of persons from this text, saith Galatin, (a) appointing their posterity to repeat these words twice a day at least - viz., at the rising and setting of the sun, which also they do to this day, and when they do it they leap three times. 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